The low-land Terai occupies about 17% of the total land area of the country.
is one of the finest national Parks in Asia, renowned for its dense concentration
of wildlife and top class tourist lodges, which provides the opportunity to
see animals in their natural habitat.
Chitwan which means the heart of the jungle is among the last surviving examples
of the continuous band of forests and grasslands which once extended from the
Indus river in Pakistan to the Burmese border.
The main attraction here is the Royal Chitwan National Park, one of the largest
forest regions in Asia teeming with wildlife such as the rare great one-horned
rhinoceros, several species of deer, sloth bear, leopard, wild boar, fresh water
dolphin, crocodile, more than 350 species of birds and the elusive Royal Bengal
Royal Chitwan National Park is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site (natural
) list. Visitors to Chitwan may enjoy elephant back excursions, nature walks,
canoe trips and jungle treks. There are several authorized agencies to organised
such safaris. Visitors may also take a river raft, first driving from Kathmandu
to the river Trishuli or Seti Khola. The five-hour drive to Chitwan(165Km overland)from
Kathmandu is filled with thrilling views of the hills, rivers and plains with
jungles on either side.
It is a great religious and historical place. Janakpur is famous as the birthplace
of Sita, the consort of Lord Rama. There is an artistic marble temple of Sita
(Janaki), popularly known as Naulkha Mandir. Religious festivals, trade fairs
and other festivities are held here on Bivaha Panchami and Ram Navami. Janakpur
is also linked with Kathmandu by air and road. It is a part of Central Nepal
Lumbini, the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautam, the Shakya prince and the ultimate
Buddha, the Enlightened One, is the pilgrimage destination of the world's millions
of people faithful to all schools of Buddhism. This nativity site, identified
by Indian Emperor Ashoka's comme-morative pillar is listed as a World Heritage
Site by UNESCO.
The main attraction at the Lumbini remains the Sacred Garden spread over 8sq
km and possessing all the treasures of the histroric area. The Mayadevi temple
is the main attraction for pilgrims and archaeologists alike. Here we find a
bas relief of Mayadevi, the Buddha's mother giving birth to him. Standing west
to the Mayadevi shrine is the oldest monument of Nepal, the Ashokan Pillar.
The pillar was erected by Emperor Ashoka in 249BC to commemorate his pilgrimage
to the sacred site. To the south of the pillar, we find the sacred pond, Puskarni,
where queen Mayadevi had taken a bath just before giving birth to the Buddha.
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