Heritage Sites in Nepal
About 10 km east of Kathmandu is a town called Bhaktapur, meaning the city of
devotees. It covers an area of 5 sq. km and was founded by King Anand Dev (889
A.D) in the shape of a conch shell, which is a sacred symbol. Bhaktapur was
once ruled by the Malla's who built magnificent temples, statues, etc.
There are many monuments of historical significance here, like:
The Lion Gate: This gate in the western part of Bhaktapur has two beautiful
stone statues of Bhairav and Durga on either sides, built by king Bhupatendra
Malla in 17th century A.D.
Golden Gate: This is the main entrance to the famous fifty five window
palace, built by Ranjit Malla in 7th century A.D.
The statue of King Bhupatendra Malla: This figure, of a scholar and artist
king, is seen atop a huge column.
55 window palace: This is thte main structure of the entire Durbar Square,
which is a magnificent edifice built by Yakshya Malla and renovated by Bhupatendra.
Vatsala Temple: This 17th century stone temple, dedicated to a mother
goddess, is full of intricate works on stone.
Pashupati Temple: According to a folklore, a Bhaktapur kind who was a
great devotee of Lord Pashupati, had a dream in which lord Shiva told him to
build a temple for him so that he could move into it. He obeyed this command
and thus the temple came into existence.
Nyatapola: This is the most famous pagoda of Nepal, which was built in
1702 A.D by Bhupatendra Mala. This temple was dedicated to Siddhilaxmi, the
tantric mother goddess of supreme power. Nyatapola in Newari means a five tiered
symbolizing five basic elements - water, earth, fire, wind and sky.
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